Improving Health Literacy In Seniors With Chronic Illness
By Menzies Centre for Health Policy, published in Australian Policy Online
This report examines health literacy in detail. How do patients and carers learn about disease management? How do they develop their self-management abilities and learn to navigate complex health systems? What is the patient and carer experience of managing chronic disease?
The rising burden of chronic disease in Australia has put the health system under great pressure. A system largely designed to cope with short bursts of acute illness via hospitals and general practitioners now has to deal with more chronic illnesses.
The ageing population means there are more people faced with the slow decline of physical and mental function, and the distress and bewilderment that can bring. Consequently, the health system and the community generally need to focus on social support as well as medical problems. One health policy response has been to call for stronger patient engagement.
This means patients know more about their condition and have the confidence to manage their illness at home and make informed decisions. Patient engagement is recognised as a central point in most chronic care models, often described under self-care, self-management programs and self-management support. It makes sense for governments trying to keep health systems financially viable, and for patients and carers wanting more control over their lives and health.
Health literacy underpins patient and carer engagement and facilitates informed decision making and self-management ability.
The report is available here.